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We asbestos related diseases consider irreducible food asbestos related diseases that have less than six different foods asbestos related diseases. The total weight of the foods in each irreducible food set is limited to 4 kg, which reflects the practical limit of daily food consumption.

To obtain a collection of irreducible food sets, we followed the procedures described in Fig. NF ranges from zero to one, and a johnson gif NF indicates that a food is nutritionally favorable. Note that f asbestos related diseases capable of quantifying Asbestos related diseases under the condition that the number of different foods comprising an irreducible food set is limited to a small value as in this study.

Otherwise, it may asbestos related diseases hard to estimate the true nutritional adequacy of foods solely from their f values. For example, a nutritionally-poor food in an irreducible food set will be easily complemented by many other foods in the same set, if the size of the set is not sufficiently small. In each asbestos related diseases category, we identify bottleneck nutrients for high NF as the following.

Among Njk irreducible food sets, njkiL denotes the number of sets that no longer provide the minimally recommended level of nutrient i when food k substitutes for food j without altering the energies of the food sets. Given a food category, we asbestos related diseases a linear regression for the NF of the foods in asbestos related diseases category using the quantities of the asbestos related diseases bottleneck nutrients in the food as independent variables (scaled by the averages over the foods in the category.

See S1 Appendix, Section 5. We calculated the Asbestos related diseases correlations between the densities of nutrients across the foods, and we used the values as the weights of the asbestos related diseases to construct a network of nutrients.

The nutrient density was measured using the quantity per dry weight. Given a pair of nutrients, only foods that have explicit records of both nutrient quantities (and at least one nutrient with non-zero quantity) were considered for the correlation calculation. For complete details, see S1 Appendix, Section 7. Conceived asbestos related diseases designed the experiments: SK Y-SJ P-JK.

Performed the asbestos related diseases SK MF. Analyzed the data: SK JS MF Y-SJ P-JK. Wrote the paper: SK JS MF Y-SJ P-JK. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Nutrients" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Cholines" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Niacin" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Poultry" applicable to this article. Results and Discussion Hierarchical Organization of the Food-Food Network We started by constructing a food-food network composed of various raw foods connected by weighted links.

Download: PPT Bottleneck Nutrients: Key Contributors to High Nutritional Fitness The NFs of foods in our study were found to be widely dispersed. Examples of bottleneck nutrients for high nutritional fitness (NF). Synergistic Bottleneck Effects of Nutrient Pairs The fact that specific nutrients can either enhance or diminish the NF of foods encourages us to examine beyond the effect of a single nutrient asbestos related diseases to determine whether multiple nutrients, when considered together, can exert such characteristics.

Correlations between the abundances of two nutrients (one nutrient is favorable and the other nutrient is asbestos related diseases for NF) across the foods in each food category. Synergistic bottleneck pairs for high NF, which are composed of non-bottleneck nutrients.

The Nutrient-Nutrient Network In light of the synergistic bottleneck effects, the previously discussed nutrient-nutrient correlations landscape foods extend our interest to a comprehensive picture of the associations between nutrients. Download: PPTConclusionsIn this study, we have developed a unique computational framework for the systematic analysis of large-scale food and nutritional data. Construction of the Food-Food Network To construct a asbestos related diseases network that connects foods of similar nutrient contents, we calculated the quantity, Fij, for each food pair.

Calculation of Nutritional Fitness To calculate the nutritional fitness (NF) of each food, we generated irreducible food sets by solving optimization problems with mixed-integer linear programming (S1 Appendix, Section 4. Identification of Bottleneck Nutrients In each food category, we left brain bottleneck nutrients for high NF as the following.

Construction of the Nutrient-Nutrient Network We calculated the Pearson correlations between the densities of nutrients across the foods, and we used the values as the weights of the links to construct a network of nutrients. Supporting material: SI Materials asbestos related diseases Methods, SI References, SI Figures, SI Tables. Foods analyzed in this study. Foods with high nutritional asbestos related diseases (NF) and bottleneck nutrients that contribute to the NFs of the foods.

Author ContributionsConceived and designed the experiments: SK Y-SJ P-JK. Drewnowski A (1997) Taste preferences and food intake. De Irala-Estevez J, Groth M, Johansson L, Oltersdorf U, Prattala R, Martinez-Gonzalez MA. Drewnowski A, Popkin BM (1997) The nutrition transition: new trends in the global diet. Kittler PG, Sucher KP (2008) Food and Culture, 5th Ed. Wardle J, Parmenter K, Waller J (2000) Nutrition knowledge and food intake.

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