Sobotta atlas of human anatomy

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Gastro-protective agents were prescribed sobotta atlas of human anatomy only a quarter of the chronic NSAID users. The possible explanation for the variation in results maybe the various prescription habits among ethanol and the level of knowledge about the concurrent use and importance of gastro-protective agents in preventing or sobotta atlas of human anatomy NSAIDs-induced gastro-intestinal complications.

Potential drug-drug interactions of NSAIDs with other prescribed drugs was also found to be significant. Sobotta atlas of human anatomy and self-medication were identified as the main determinants of the drug interaction. Some of those who were more involved in self-medication were prone to potentially sobotta atlas of human anatomy drug interactions and majority were exposed to interactions having moderate clinical significance.

NSAIDs-related complications could also compromise adherence Rabies Immune Globulin (Human) Solvent/Detergent Treated (BayRab)- Multum other therapeutic agents used for chronic diseases.

Taking the age of the study population into consideration, sobotta atlas of human anatomy might be inevitable in many patients. Sobotta atlas of human anatomy should, however, responsibly take medication history, avoid prescriptions of unnecessary medicines and pharmacists need to counsel elderlies to refrain from self-medication.

When at times polypharmacy becomes inevitable, a close and intensive monitoring, using multidisciplinary approach, is required to prevent serious drug-drug interactions, drug-disease interactions and adverse effects. Immediate attention from program managers and policy makers are also required to introduce risk mitigation strategies that could protect patients from preventable harm.

Due to the cross-sectional nature of the study, all drug-drug interactions documented in this study are theoretical and thus, their clinical significance at ground might be over-or under-estimated. In addition, the adverse effects and history of self-medication openminded in this study were all self-reported which might be subjected to recall bias.

Incompleteness of information in medical cards, and NSAIDs supply inconsistencies due to stock-outs were some of the limitations of the study. The small sample size might also limit the statistical power of the analysis performed. Chronic use of NSAIDs without prophylactic gastro-protective agents, therapeutic duplication of NSAIDs and polypharmacy were the major problems in this study. To minimize complications, where possible, the lowest sobotta atlas of human anatomy dose of NSAIDs should be prescribed for the shortest possible time.

Besides, regular updating of national standard treatment guidelines and formularies, use of gastro-protective agents for chronic NSAID users, introduction of electronic medical sobotta atlas of human anatomy for tracing drug interactions and awareness raising programs are highly recommended.

Saleem Basha, Bruk Woldai and Dawit Tesfai who were involved in the face and content validation of our questionnaire. We also sincerely thank Dr. Luul Banteyrga (Medical Director of Halibet Hospital), Dr. Yosief Yacob (Medical Director of Sembel Hospital) and Dr. Tsegereda Mehari (Medical Director of Bet-Mekae Community Hospital) who have warmly accepted and approved the study to be conducted in their hospitals.

Themes, we would also like to thank all participants of this study for being cooperative in the process. For more information about PLOS Subject Areas, click here. Is the Subject Area "NSAIDs" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Drug interactions" applicable to this article.

Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Geriatric care" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Drug-drug interactions" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Medical risk factors" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Adverse reactions" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Diabetes mellitus" sobotta atlas of human anatomy to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Antiplatelet therapy" applicable to this article.

Sobotta atlas of human anatomy More Submit Now Browse Subject Areas. Click through the PLOS taxonomy to find articles in your field. Loading metrics Article metrics are unavailable at this time. Article metrics are unavailable for recently published articles.

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Materials and methods Study design and setting An analytical cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach was conducted in three selected hospitals Asmara, the capital, namely: Halibet national referral hospital, Sembel hospital (private) and Bet-Mekae community hospital.

Study and source population Elderly patients, aged 60 years and above, taking one or more NSAIDs who attended the study sites during the study period formed the study population. Sampling design In order to get representative samples from each hospital, stratified random sampling was utilized.

Data collection tools A data collection form (S1 File) comprising of five sections was used. Data collection procedure The investigators explained purposes of sobotta atlas of human anatomy study to the participants and those who gave consent were enrolled.

Download: PPT Pre-test A pre-test was conducted on 31 participants from 17 to 21 August, 2018, to ensure comprehensibility, compatibility of the questionnaire and to familiarize data collectors at two randomly selected hospitals. Ethical consideration Ethical approval was obtained from the Ministry of Sobotta atlas of human anatomy research ethics and protocol review committee and Asmara College of Health Sciences ethical clearance committee.

Statistical analysis The collected data were double entered on the Census and Survey Processing system-7. All analyses were considered significant when p Operational definitions Mild-interaction. Results Socio-demographic characteristics and background characteristics Data collectors were able to approach 297 subjects in the three hospitals during the study period.

Study participants that were eligible and finally included in the study. Association of polypharmacy with age, gender and chronic illness.



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